It is necessary to properly size the expansion vessel getting the volume.
For example, the water heating up from 0°C to 100°C increases its volume of about 4,5%. This means that there should be a space inside the system that can keep the exceeding volume of water. This space is the expansion tank.
The increase of water volume is absorbed by the tank. This means that the volume of the tank must be higher than the total possible expansion of the heating system.
The volume can be calculated using the following formula:
e =expansion coefficient of the water; this is the difference between the expansion of the water at its maximum temperature
and the expansion of the water at its minimum temperature when the system is not working
(usually Tmax=90°C and Tmin=10° therefore e=0,0359; see table below).
C =total capacity of the system (usually between 10 and 20 litres for each 1000Kcal/h of boiler power).
To calculate the exact size of the tank to be installed use the following formula:
η=internal volume of the tank
Pi=pre-charge pressure of the tank (bar)
Pf=maximum pressure set on the safety valve considering the difference in height between the valve and the tank (bar).
System data: e= 0,0359 C= 400LitersPi= 1,5 bar Pf= 3 bar
In any case we will adopt the closest measure to the calculated value
|Water temperature(°C)||Coefficient of expansion|